Download PDF by H. David Banta: Anticipating and Assessing Health Care Technology: General

By H. David Banta

ISBN-10: 089838897X

ISBN-13: 9780898388978

ISBN-10: 9400933436

ISBN-13: 9789400933439

This record, watching for and Assessing future health Care know-how, is the 1st record from the STG fee on wellbeing and fitness Care expertise. The STG (Stuurgroep Toekomstscenario's Gezondheidzorg) used to be demonstrated in 1983 as an autonomous advisory crew to the nation Secretary for Welfare, Public well-being, and Cultural Affairs (WVC) to aid in long-range overall healthiness making plans efforts. so far, STG commissions have tested heart problems, melanoma, getting older, and lifestyles types as problems with value to the future health of the Dutch inhabitants sooner or later. evidently, wellbeing and fitness care know-how is of serious challenge to the govt.. at the one hand, know-how is among the significant instruments to advertise a fit inhabitants. nevertheless, the prices of well-being care were emerging at an alarming expense lately. It was once those evidence, besides the social results of definite applied sciences resembling genetic screening, that led the STG to set up the fee on wellbeing and fitness Care know-how in 1985. the eu place of work of the area health and wellbeing association (EURO) cosponsored the undertaking. The healthiness Council (Gezondheidsraad) agreed to cooperate with the venture by means of furnishing house and highbrow and logistical help. The objective of the Commission's paintings is to increase adequate info on destiny technological advancements in healthiness and health and wellbeing care to aid making plans for his or her outcomes. next reviews will provide extra element on health and wellbeing care applied sciences and should offer in-depth checks on a couple of particular technological areas.

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Additional info for Anticipating and Assessing Health Care Technology: General Considerations and Policy Conclusions.A report commissioned by the Steering Committee on Future Health Scenarios

Sample text

Developments in health care technology also interact with the concept of health in a society at a given moment in time. The prevailing concept of health and disease in a society obviously shapes the nature of health care and subsequently influences the view of needed or desirable technological interventions. For example, homosexuality. (now generally not classified as disease) was formerly listed in the official "Nomenclature" of the American Psychiatric Association as a mental disorder which called for medical intervention.

The precise underlying mechanisms are for the most part not known. In the infectious disease area, specific knowledge about disease, derived from research, made prevention and cure possible by vaccines and antibiotics. Because chronic diseases are not well understood, most of them cannot be prevented or cured. In these cases, 'half-way technologies' prevail (310). In other words, the measures used palliate manifestations of major diseases whose underlying mechanisms are as yet not understood and for which no definitive prevention, control, or cure has been devised.

The trend towards specialization in medical practice beginning in the second half of the 19th century is also related to technological change. The transition from generalists to specialists can be associated with the emergence of the anatomical concept that disease is localized in specific sites in the body. Subsequently, an increasing technological capability was developed to intervene at these specific sites in the body. The interrelationship between doctor, patient, and technology thus required a mechanism to integrate the health services.

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Anticipating and Assessing Health Care Technology: General Considerations and Policy Conclusions.A report commissioned by the Steering Committee on Future Health Scenarios by H. David Banta

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