By Herman L. Bennett
Полное название:"Africans in Colonial Mexico : absolutism, Christianity, and Afro-Creole attention, 1570–1640"
В этом исследовании, автор обнаружил много новой информации о жизни рабов и свободных чернокожих в Мексике и как их жизнь была регулированна правительством.
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Additional resources for Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640
60 By 1646, an estimated 151,618 persons of African descent inhabited New Spain, of which 62,814 resided in the Archdiocese of Mexico. In the dioceses of Michoácan and Tlaxcala, Africans and their descendants of various legal categories respectively numbered 23,480 and 22,915. The remaining 42,409 were dispersed throughout the dioceses of Oaxaca, Nueva Galicia, Yucatan, and Chiapas. Creoles clearly experienced phenomenal growth during the second half of the sixteenth century and the initial decades of the seventeenth century.
The Structure of Slavery Soon after the siege and destruction of Tenochitlán, Spaniards realized that the wealth they could extract from the Nahuas consisted of tributary payments, in kind and in labor. 36 At the same time, the Spaniards initiated commercial ventures that tapped existing resources. 38 In 1532, Cortés erected another sugar mill, this time near the town of Cuernavaca. 39 Cortés’s compatriots engaged in similarly ambitious commercial schemes. 40 Many more encomenderos established estates on which they raised livestock, cultivated grain for urban settlements, or produced goods for local and distant markets.
The arrival of thousands of Spaniards fueled commercial competition, including the African slave trade, and exacerbated the gulf between erstwhile allies. 30 In Juan’s waning years, the ethos that equated slaves with Africans was ascendant in New Spain. Although this ideological construct was in place by the mid-sixteenth century, during the conquest period, the concepts underlying the marriage of “African” with “slave” remained ®uid. As Juan Garrido recounted his exploits, he neglected to inform Charles V of his social legacy.
Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640 by Herman L. Bennett