By Peter Adamson
Classical Philosophy is the 1st of a sequence of books within which Peter Adamson goals eventually to offer a whole historical past of philosophy, extra completely but in addition extra enjoyably than ever sooner than. in brief, energetic chapters, according to the preferred History of Philosophy podcast, he bargains an obtainable, funny, and distinctive examine the emergence of philosophy with the Presocratics, the probing questions of Socrates, and the 1st complete flowering of philosophy with the dialogues of Plato and the treatises of Aristotle. the tale is informed "without any gaps," discussing not just such significant figures but in addition much less as a rule mentioned issues just like the Hippocratic Corpus, the Platonic Academy, and the function of ladies in old philosophy. in the considered Plato and Aristotle, the reader will locate in-depth introductions to significant works, similar to the Republic and the Nicomachean Ethics, that are taken care of intimately that's strange in an creation to historic philosophy. Adamson appears to be like at attention-grabbing yet much less usually learn Platonic dialogues just like the Charmides and Cratylus, and Aristotle's rules in zoology and poetics. This complete insurance permits him to take on historic discussions in all components of philosophy, together with epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of language, philosophy of technology, ethics and politics. cognizance can be given to the historic and literary context of classical philosophy, with exploration of ways early Greek cosmology answered to the poets Homer and Hesiod, how Socrates was once awarded by means of the comedian playwright Aristophanes and the historian Xenophon, and the way occasions in Greek historical past could have encouraged Plato's proposal. this can be a new type of historical past in order to carry philosophy to lifestyles for all readers, together with these coming to the topic for the 1st time.
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Extra info for A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 1: Classical Philosophy
The reason, he decided, is that the earth is right in the middle of the cosmos. So no direction would be a more appropriate way for it to move than any other (§123). This is interesting because it shows Anaximander demanding that there be a good reason for the earth to move in a particular direction, if it is going to move. The mere equivalence of all the directions it could move is enough to keep it in place. We might have expected things to develop further in this way, getting more abstract and conceptual.
If you think theology can’t be rational, just wait until we get to Aquinas. I think a better way of understanding the Pre-Socratics would be to say that their views were, at least implicitly, grounded in arguments. This, to me, is the difference between early Greek philosophy and other early Greek cultural productions. We mostly have too little evidence about Thales to reconstruct the arguments that gave rise to his views, but Aristotle was probably right to try to reconstruct arguments of some sort or another.
Now in Munich I have the privilege and pleasure of working with Oliver Primavesi and Christ of Rapp. Finally, there is my greatest debt, which is to my family: my brother, fellow podcaster and faithful listener Glenn Adamson; my supportive parents and grandfather; and above all the people who have to share me with philosophy, my wife Ursula and my daughters Sophia and Johanna. This book is dedicated to the two of them, in the hope that they will want to read it a few years from now. A NOTE ON REFERENCES Basic references to the primary texts are included within the chapters.
A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 1: Classical Philosophy by Peter Adamson