John Losee's A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science PDF

By John Losee

ISBN-10: 0198700555

ISBN-13: 9780198700555

Designed for first-time readers of the topic, this stimulating creation bargains a historic exposition of differing perspectives at the philosophy of technological know-how. With concise profiles offering the foremost philosophers whose contributions are mentioned during this ebook, Losee explores the long-argued questions raised through philosophers and scientists in regards to the right assessment of technological know-how.

This new version comprises modern advancements within the self-discipline, together with fresh paintings on theory-appraisal, experimental perform, the talk over medical realism, and the philosophy of biology. Taking a balanced and informative strategy, this paintings is the proper introductory quantity.

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G. Julius R. : The University of Wisconsin Press, ), –. 10 Roger Bacon, The Opus Majus, ii. . 11 See A. C. Crombie, Robert Grosseteste, –; 12 Roger Bacon, The Opus Majus, ii. . 13 A. C. Crombie, ‘Grosseteste’s Position in the History of Science’, in Robert Grosseteste, ed. D. A. Callus (Oxford: Clarendon Press, ), . 14 Ibid. –. 15 Euclid, Elements, Book IX, Proposition . 16 John Buridan, Questions on the Eight Books of the Physics of Aristotle, Book VIII, Question , reprinted in M.

During this period, Galileo made important telescopic observations of sunspots, the surface of the moon, and four of the satellites of Jupiter. These observations were inconsistent with implications of the Churchsanctioned Aristotelian world-view, in which the celestial realm is immutable and the Earth is the centre of all motion. Galileo became mathematician-in-residence to the Grand Duke of Tuscany in 1610. He engaged in a series of disputes with Jesuit and Dominican philosophers, at one point lecturing these worthies on the proper way to interpret the Scriptures so as to effect agreement with the Copernican astronomy (Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina, 1615).

In 1247 he returned to Oxford, where he studied various languages and the sciences, with particular emphasis on optics. Pope Clement IV, on learning of Bacon’s proposed unification of the sciences in the aristotle’s method in the medieval period  service of theology, requested a copy of Bacon’s work. Bacon had not yet put his views on paper, but he rapidly composed and dispatched to the Pope the Opus Maius and two companion works (1268). Unfortunately the Pope died before having assessed Bacon’s contribution.

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A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science by John Losee

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