By Charles H. Drummond III
This factor includes a choice of papers provided on the seventieth convention on Glass difficulties on the Ohio nation collage, Columbus, Ohio. subject matters comprise melting and molding, refractories, and environmental matters and new products.Content:
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Additional resources for 70th Conference on Glass Problems: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 31, Issue 1
A careful review of the historic operating data of furnace 14 has revealed that most of the increment on the energy consumption is due to an increased amount of parasitic air leakages going into the furnace, which was calculated to be about 22% of the flue gas flow rate from the fuel and oxygen flow rates and the flue gas 0 2 concentration. Parasitic air leakages are typically less than 5 to 10% of the flue gas flow rate for a new furnace or an old furnace with extensive sealing of open joints.
Greenhouse gas emissions are expressed in metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents. , but we can look to the situation in Europe as a guide. 44/ton C02 eq. 59/ ton of glass for the all electric furnace, if no adjustment to the carbon emissions were made, however, we also have to look at the long term reductions required by the cap. The purpose of the cap is to progressively reduce emissions over time, so whilst emissions can be traded, allowing plants which do not meet the targets to purchase additional emissions credits, the total amount of emissions is progressively reduced.
The corrosion process is highly dependent on the temperature, NaOH concentration in the vapor phase, water content, gas velocity and calcium content in the brick. g. >1450 °C) and minimizing Na species volatilization, corrosion of a silica brick crown can be sufficiently controlled to last the lifetime of the furnace under oxy-fuel firing conditions . While the use of silica crowns in oxy-fuel fired furnaces has been demonstrated, substantial effort has been invested in alternate refractory materials of construction for the crown [7-8].
70th Conference on Glass Problems: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 31, Issue 1 by Charles H. Drummond III